This action challenges a series of bilateral agreements between 1-800 Contacts and numerous online sellers of contact lenses that prevent the parties from competing against one another in certain online search advertising auctions. The driving force behind these agreements and this anticompetitive scheme is 1-800 Contacts, the largest online seller of contact lenses in the United States. The major online search engine companies, Google and Bing, sell advertising space on their search engine results pages through computerized auctions. Beginning in 2004, 1-800 Contacts secured agreements with at least fourteen competing online sellers of contact lenses providing that the parties would not bid against one another in certain search advertising auctions (the “Bidding Agreements”). As 1-800 Contacts engineered this bid allocation scheme, certain auctions are reserved to 1-800 Contacts alone. These bidding agreements unreasonably restrain both price competition in search advertising auctions and the availability of truthful, non-misleading advertising. The Bidding Agreements individually and in combination constitute an unfair method of competition and violate Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act, 15 U.S.C. § 45.
Should the Commission conclude from the record developed in any adjudicative proceedings in this matter that the Respondent has violated or is violating Section 5 of the FTC Act, as amended, as alleged in the complaint, the Commission may order such relief against Respondent as is supported by the record and is necessary and appropriate, including, but not limited to:
1. Ordering Respondent to cease and desist from the conduct alleged in the complaint to violate Section 5 of the FTC Act, and to take all such measures as are appropriate to correct or remedy, or to prevent the recurrence of, the anticompetitive practices engaged in by Respondent, or similar practices.
2. Prohibiting Respondent from, directly or indirectly, maintaining, entering into, or attempting to enter into, an agreement with any contact lens retailer that restrains participation in or otherwise restrains competition in any search advertising auction.
3. Prohibiting Respondent from, directly or indirectly, maintaining, entering into, or attempting to enter into, an agreement with any contact lens retailer to forbear from disseminating truthful and non-misleading advertising.
4. Prohibiting Respondent from, directly or indirectly, enforcing, attempting to enforce, or threatening to enforce any provision of an agreement that restricts bidding for search advertising or that restricts the display of advertisements in response to certain user search queries, or any provision of an agreement requiring the use of negative keywords in search engine advertising.
5. Prohibiting Respondent from filing or threatening to file a lawsuit against any contact lens retailer alleging trademark infringement, deceptive advertising, or unfair competition that is based on the use of 1-800 Contacts’ trademarks in a search advertising auction. Provided, however, that Respondent shall not be barred from filing or threatening to file a lawsuit challenging any advertising copy where Respondent has a good faith belief that such advertising copy gives rise to a claim of trademark infringement, deceptive advertising, or unfair competition.
6. Ordering Respondent to submit at least one report to the Commission sixty days after issuance of the Order, and other reports as required, describing how it has complied, is complying, and will comply in the future.
7. Requiring, for a period of time, that Respondent document all communications with settlement parties, including the persons involved, the nature of the communication, and its duration, and that Respondent submit such documentation to the Commission.
8. Ordering Respondent, for a period of time, to file annual compliance reports with the Commission describing its compliance with the requirements of the order. The order would terminate twenty years from the date it becomes final.
9. Requiring that Respondent’s compliance with the order may be monitored at Respondent’s expense by an independent monitor, for a term to be determined by the Commission.
10. Any other relief appropriate to prevent, correct or remedy the anticompetitive effects in their incipiency of any or all of the conduct alleged in the complaint.